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Algazi, Léon, 1958, Chants séphardis, London: World Sephardi Federation.

American Jewish Year Book, American Jewish Committee, Jewish Publication Society of America, Published 1938.

Aki Yerushalayim, discography, 1987.

Armistead, Samuel G., 1978. Romancero judeo-español en el Archivo Menéndez Pidal, Madrid: Seminario Menéndez Pidal.

Attias, Moshe, 1972. Cancionero sefardí. Jerusalem: Centro de Estudios sobre el Judaísmo de Salónica.

Bagby, Benjamin, 2008. "What is the Sound of Medieval Song", Early Music America, Summer, 2008, p. 48.

Barr, Steven C. Almost Complete 78 RPM Record Dating Guide II.

Benmayor, Rina, 1978. Oral Narrative and the Comparative Method: The Judeo-Spanish Ballad Chapbooks of Yacob Abraham Yoná, Romance Philology, Vol. XXXI, No. 3.

Boehm, Yohanan, 1971, "Music", Encyclopedia Judaica (Jerusalem: Macmillan, 1971) 12:555.  

Bunis, David M., 1981. Sephardic Studies, Sephardic Studies: A Research Bibliography Incorporating Judezmo Language, Literature and Folklore, and Historical Background, Garland Pub.

Cohen, Judith R., 1993. Sonography of Judeo-Spanish Song (Cassettes, LP's, CD's, Video, Film). Jewish Folk and Ethnology Review, Vol. 15, No. 2, 1993, pp. 49-55.

_____, 1995. "Just Harmonizing it in their own way": Change and reaction in Judeo-Spanish Song, Revista de Musicología, 1613.

_____, 1998. "Sephardic Music: the Romance and Romanticization of Medieval Spain", Rough Guide to World Music, 2nd ed., ed. S. Broughton. London: 1998.

_____, 1999. "Jewish Music: Sephardic". World Music, The Rough Guide, Africa, Europe and the Middle East, Vol. One. London: 1999. 

Dorn, Pamela J., 1991. "Change and Ideology: The ethnomusicology of Turkish Jewry". Ph.D. diss., Indiana University.

Feldman, Walter, 1990. Jewish Liturgical Music in Turkey, Turkish Music Quarterly, Winter, 1990.

Galante, Avram, 1985. Historie de Juifs de Turquie, Tome III, Editions Isis, pp. 120-121

Gronow, Pekka, 1981. The record industry comes to the orient, Ethnomusicology, Vol. XXV, No. 2.

Havassy, Rivka, The Ladino Song in the 20th Century: A Study of the Collections of Emily Sene and Bouena Sarfatty-Garfinkle. Ph.D. dissertation, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan 2007.

Hirshberg, Jehoash, 1995. Music in the Jewish Community of Palestine 1880-1948, New York: Oxford University Press.

Holst-Warhaft, Gail, 2003 "The female dervish and other shady ladies of the Rebetika" in Music and Gender: Perspectives from the Mediterranean, Tullia Magrini, University of Chicago Press, 2003.

Kalyviotis, Aristomenis, 1994. Recordings in Thessaloniki, 1903-1912, Syloges (Collections), Athens (in Greek.)

_____,  2002. Smyrne: E Mousike Zoe 1900-1922. Ta Mousika Katastemata, oi Echografeseis Diskon (Smyrna: Musical Life 1900-1922. Music Establishments and Recordings) Epimeleia Nikou Dionysopoulou. Music Corner and Tinella, Athens. 

Katz, Israel J., A Judeo-Spanish Romancero, Ethnomusicology 12, no. 1, 1968, pp. 72-85.

_____,  El legado musical de la diáspora sefardí: Comprendiendo una tradición en términos de su supervivencia. Judíos, sefarditas, conversos, ed. Angel Alcalá, Ambito Ediciones, pp. 365-392.

Levy, Isaac, 1959. Chants judeo-espagnols, vol. 1, London: The World Sephardi Federation

Lost Homelands, The Smyrnaic Song in Greece 1928-1935, Heritage HT CD 27, Interstate Music Ltd, 1994: East Sussex, England.

Lotz, Rainer E. and Axel Weggen, Discographie der Judaica-Aufnahmen, Volume 1,  Birgit Lotz Verlag Bonn, Germany.

Maillart, D., Concert juif, à Tlemcen, Dessin de D. Maillart, d’après des photographies de M. Pedra (Jewish concert in Tlemcen – design by D. Maillart based on photographs of M. Pedra. Engraver: Henri Théophile Hildibrand.) From: Le Tour du Monde, Nouveau journal des voyages publie sous la direction de M. Edouard Charton et illustre par nos plus celebres artistes. Paris, Librairie Hachette, 1875.

Marco, Guy A., ed., 1993. Encyclopedia of Recorded sound in the United States, New York: Garland.

Pal-Yarden, Hadass. 2001. The Judeo-Spanish Songs Corpus in Jerusalem Nowadays: On the New Social Significance of a Traditional Repertoire. Master's Thesis, Bar-Ilan University, 71-71A.

Racy, Ali Jihad, 1976, Record Industry and Egyptian Traditional Music: 1904-1932, Ethnomusicology 20 (1): 23-48, January, 1976

_____, 1977, Musical change and commercial recording in Egypt, 1904-1932, Ph.D., University of Illinois, 1977, pp. 97-98.

Seroussi, Edwin, 1989. Mizimrat Qedem, The life and music of R. Isaac Algazi from Turkey, Jerusalem: Renanot.

_____, 1995. Cancionero sefardí by Alberto Hemsi, edited with an introduction by Edwin Seroussi. Jerusalem: The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

_____, 1990. Growth of the Judeo Spanish folksong repertoire. In Proceedings of the Tenth World Congress of Jewish Studies, Jerusalem: World Union of Jewish Studies.

_____. 1993. New Directions in the Music of the Sephardic Jews, Modern Jews and their Musical Agendas (Studies in Contemporary Jewry 9) ed. Ezra Mendelsohn. New York, Oxford, Jerusalem: The Hebrew University, Institute of Contemporary Jewry.

_____, 1995. Reconstructing Sephardi Music, World of Music, Vol. XXXVII, No. 1.

_____, 2008. CD booklet to An Early Twentieth-Century Sephardi Troubadour: The Historic Recordings of Haim Effendi of Turkey.

_____, 2009. "From Spain to the Eastern Mediterranean and Back: A Song as Metaphor of Modern Sephardic Culture", Garment and Core: Jews and their Musical Experiences, ed. Eitan Avitsur, Marina Ritzarev and Edwin Seroussi. Ramat Gan: Bar-Ilan University Press 2012, pp. 41-82.

Shelemay, Kay Kaufman, 1995, Mythologies and Realities in the study of Jewish Music, The World of Music, Vol. 37 (1), pp. 24–38.

Shiloah, Amnon, 1992. Jewish Music Traditions, Wayne State University Press, Detroit, MI, p. 194, in turn quoting Katz, Israel J., A Judeo-Spanish Romancero, Ethnomusicology 12, no. 1, 1968, pp. 72-85.

Shiloah, Amnon and Erik Cohen, 1983.  "The Dynamics of Change in Jewish Oriental Ethnic Music in Israel", Ethnomusicology, May, 1983, pp. 227-252.

Sing Out!, 2008. Vol. 51 #1, Spring 2008, p 28.

Slobin, Mark, 1995. 10 paradoxes and 4 dilemmas of Studying Jewish Music, World of Music, Vol. XXXVII, No.1.

Spottswood, Richard K., 1990. Ethnic Music on Records, Volume 1, Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press.

Stern, Stephen, 1980. The Sephardic Jewish Community of Los Angeles: A Study in Folklore and Ethnic Identity. Ayer Publishing.

Strötbaum, Hugo, 1992. Seventy-eight Revolutions per Minute in the Levant: Discography of Favorite's Oriental Recordings, In De Turcicis aliisque rebus: Commentarii Henry Hofman dedicati, Utrecht: Instituut voor Oosterse Talen, 1993, pp. 149-205.

Sutton, Allan, 1998. "Odeon in the U.S.",
Accessed October 3, 2008.

Vernon, Paul, 1994. Special Agents, Vintage Jazz Mart, No. 96.

_____, 1995. Ethnic and Vernacular Music, 1898-1960: A Resource and Guide to Recording, Greenwood Publishing Group.

 _____, 1997a. Empire State, Folk Roots, Vol. XVIII, No. 11 (No. 167.)

_____, 1997b. Odeon Records: Their ‘ethnic' output,
Accessed October 4, 2008.

Weich-Shahak, Susana, 1994. Conference proceedings of the European Seminar in Ethnomusicology (ESEM), Oxford, UK. Formerly online at

Zefira, Bracha. Bracha Zefira, CBS Records, CP-1112 (liner notes.)


Duygulu, Melih and Cemal Ünlü, Turkey’s Musical Life During The Past Century: History, Genres, Voice Recordings, Sectoral Structure,

Cohen, Joel, posting as Trobador Feb 17, 1995, 7:39 pm, to the group.

Englund, Björn, 2003. Dating German Homocord records. Formerly available at

Gogalija, Resad, 1997.

Holst-Warhaft, Gail, 2000. Amanes: The Legacy of the Oriental Mother, in Music & Anthropology, No. 5

_____, 2003. Once Upon a Time in Smyrna (Book review of Kalyviotis, 2002, above.)

Vernon, Paul. Cairo Practice,

_____, Empire State,  (Electro-Vox Studio closing) (Maftirim recording)

Formerly available at

Formerly available at

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